Urology is the medical specialty that focuses on diseases

Urology is the medical specialty that focuses on diseases of the urinary-tract system and the reproductive organs in males and females. This includes the urinary bladder, ureters, kidneys, and the urethra. It is also a field that deals with surgery, testicular cancer, and other problems of the male reproductive organs.

Reproductive organs

Urology covers a variety of conditions involving the reproductive organs of both men and women. Because the urinary tract is close to the genital tract, problems with this area can affect both areas. The urinary tract is comprised of the kidneys and the bladder, which filter blood and remove excess water and waste. This waste is excreted as urine. The bladder is a muscular sac that contains urine and allows a person to control the process of urination.


Before undergoing a procedure, you should understand the Dr Paul Manohar risks associated with urology surgery. The procedure itself is generally straightforward, but there are a few steps you should take to ensure your safety and comfort. First, do not drink anything after midnight the night before the procedure. Also, make sure to take all prescribed medications with plenty of water. Your surgeon will also provide additional instructions to help you reduce the risk of infection.

Testicular cancer

Urology and testicular cancer is a specialty that combines clinical care and surgery. Board-certified urologic surgeon Dr. Michael J. Rosenberg works closely with colleagues in pathology, radiology, and other specialties to provide a multidisciplinary approach for all patients with this disease.

Kidney problems

If you suspect that you have a kidney problem, you should visit a nephrologist. Nephrologists are trained to diagnose and treat diseases of the kidney and urinary tract. A nephrologist will perform a number of tests to diagnose kidney disease. These tests usually involve blood and urine samples. Blood urea nitrogen levels are one of the main indicators of kidney dysfunction.

Bladder stones

The treatment for bladder stones can differ according to the size and composition of the stones. Small stones may pass through the bladder naturally, but larger stones may require surgery. During surgery, the stone may be broken up with a cystoscope or other instrument. Other treatments may include transurethral resection of the prostate and transurethral lithotripsy, which uses sound waves to break up the stone.

Reconstructive urology

Reconstructive urology is the branch of urology that deals with reconstructive procedures. It was developed in response to the growing need for such procedures. Reconstructive procedures were once performed by urologists, but as the need for these procedures increased, they became less common. Part of the reason may be the lack of training in the field. The American Urological Association published a white paper on the topic in 2010 that shows that reconstructive procedures comprised 1.8% of total procedures. Yet, they accounted for 49% of procedures performed by specialists.